The breed originated in Germany, around 1900, taking its name from Louis Dobermann of Apolda, a tax collector, who craved a medium size dog to perform as a guard dog as well as companion. Breeds used to build up the Doberman Pinscher may have included, the old shorthaired shepherd, Rottweiler, Black and Tan Terrier and the German Pinscher.
The properly bred and trained Doberman has substantiated itself as friend and guardian, As is developed, its qualities of intelligence and ability to absorb and retain training brought it into demand as a police and war dog.
The Doberman Pinscher Club of America, founded in 1921 has continued to this day to foster the breed.
- General Characteristics Dobes Breed:
The Doberman is a dog of medium size and strong, muscular structure. The Doberman virtually represents the ideal of a dog of normal anatomy, with his elegant body outline, the erect and proud carriage, good temperament, and energetic expression. His body is almost square, especially the male.
The Head must emerge markedly from the neck. Viewed from above and in profile, the head is wedge – shaped, with the skin fitting tightly over the bones and flat muscles, giving the head a finely chiseled (“dry”) appearance. Viewed from the front and in profile, the head should appear to be flat. The Top profile of the head and muzzle is formed by two parallel lines (nasal ridge and skull), set off by a slight stop. The lines of the muzzle and forehead ascend from the nose to the occuiput, and then with a gentle curve flow into the neckline. The muzzle is deep and broad with tight0fitting lips. There should be a full complement of shining, white teeth (42), meeting in a scissors bite. Viewed from the front, the top of the skull is flat, that is not curving towards the ears. The eyes are of medium size and oval in form. The color of the eyes should be as dark as possible; the color of the nose is black. For red(brown) and blue dogs a lighter color is permissible; however, the darkest shade being preferable. Ears set high and carried erect; cropped to a suitable length in proportion to the size of the head.
The neck should be of a harmonious length in proportion to the body and the head. It should be dry and well muscled. Well arched, with nape of neck widening gradually toward chest and shoulder. The neck is carried erect reflecting great nobility.
Viewed from any angle, the forelegs must appear straight, strong and perpendicular to the ground. The long bone of the upper arm meets the shoulder blade virtually at a right angle. The shoulder blade lies firmly against the rib cage, is well muscled and protrudes beyond the point where the spinal column and ribs meet. The elbow joint is formed by the upper arm and foreleg and lies close to the body. The pastern are neither turned in nor out. The paws are compact and firm. The toes are arched (cat feet).
The back is short and firm. The withers should be pronounced, especially for males, and determine through the height and length, the straight topline which gradually slopes to the croup. The loins are well muscled. The entire back should be of sufficient width. The croup, formed by the sacral vertebrae is slightly rounded but not steep. The slightly arched ribs extend just below the elbow join: however, the positioning of the shoulder blade and the upper arm must be taken into consideration. The depth of the brisket must definitely be in proportion to the length of the body and should not be less than 50% of the height from the withers to the ground. The chest should be of good width and the forechest should be well developed. The forechest depends on the prosternum which protrudes beyond the shoulder join. The body is well tucked up at the loins and the outline from the last rib to the pelvis bone is curved. The height (from withers to ground) of the males is 68 cm, maximum 70 cm and for females 63 to 66 cm maximum 67 cm. The female many be longer in body, because room is required for the nipples.
The upper thighs are broad, well muscled and, with the strong lower thighs, form the stifle joint. The angulation is approximately 130 degrees. The hock joints are strong, parallel to each other and form an obtuse angle with the metatarsi. The feet are compact, short and arched, just like the forefeet. Dewclaws are not permitted.
The gait is elastic, elegant, agile, free and ground-covering, with a good reach of the forelegs. The rear drive of the hindquarters is far-reaching and elastic.The dog movers the foreleg on one side of the body simultaneously with the hindleg on the other side.
The coat is short, harsh, dense, and close tying. Colour: Black, red(dark brown) and blue with sharply defined rust markings (“Brand”), These markings are at the muzzle, lips, a spot on the cheeks, and above the eyes, at the throat, two spots at the forechest, the forelegs and feet, at the inner side of the hindquarter, the pastern, hocks and rear feet, below the anus and below at the pelvis bones.
The Dobermann is faithful, fearless, has good nerves, is attentive and courageous. Because of his intelligence, his natural aggressiveness, his excellent sense of smell, his willingness to work and his obedience, he is easy to train. He is especially suitable as Watch, Companion, Guard, And (multi-purpose) Utility Dog.
Arched nose bone, forehead or skull; too much or insufficient stop; short, thick head with protruding cheeks; pointed muzzle; hanging flews; ears set too high or too low; dentition faults (less than 42 teeth); over or undershot; Mongolian eyes; bulging or excessively deep-set eyes; light eyes. Short, heavy neck, dewlap. Light bone structure; short, loose, straight shoulders out at the elbow; toeing in or out (east-west); long open or soft feet. Excessively long back; dip in the back; roach back; steep croup; barrel-chested; flat chested; insufficierd depth of chest; insufficient forechest; narrow chest; Bad angulation of hindquarters; hock joints turned in or out (Cow-hocked or bowlegged). Monorchidism, cryptorchidism, swerving, waddling, stilted gait, pacing, Long, soft, wavy coast; rust, markings too light or not clearly defined; white spots, visible undercoat. Timidity, shyness, cowardice.
All this information provided from Kennel Club.